March 28, 1960
In this March 28 1960 file photo, members of the African National Congress take part in a day of mourning at Orlando East, near Johannesburg, South Africa. Against all odds, the party of Nelson Mandela which has transformed a nation where just 20 years ago black South Africans could not vote, and beaches and restaurants were reserved for whites only, is celebrating its 100th anniversary in Bloemfontein Sunday Jan 8 2012. Building in background has words "away with Verwoerd" painted on it. Verwoerd was South Africa's Prime Minister and strong proponent of the racial policies which led to the mass shooting at Sharpesville.
August 16, 1962
African women join in a demonstration in South Africa, Aug. 16, 1962, demanding the release of Nelson Mandela, former secretary of the banned African National Congress, who appeared in court on a charge of incitement. The women, together with Winnie Mandela chanted "down with Verwoerd on the steps of the Johannesburg City Hall.
June 11, 1964
Police clear away Africans from the area of the court in Pretoria, South Africa, after a verdict of guilty was pronounced on defendants in the South African treason trial on June 11, 1964. African nationalist leaders Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu were found guilty on all four counts, as were four other African defendants. Dennis Molberg, a white civil engineer, was found guilty on all counts, but the two other white defendants were found not guilty and discharged. The only Indian defendant was found guilty on the sabotage count only. All seven found guilty were sentenced to life imprisonment.
June 12, 1964
Outside the Palace of Justice, Winnie Mandela (right) waits for a glimpse of her husband, Nelson Mandela , as he and seven other men are carried off to jail in Blacn Marias on June 12, 1964 in Pretoria, South Africa. The men had been convicted of sabotage and sentenced to life imprisonment. Mrs. Mandela waited in vain the police van took another route and did not pass her.
March 5, 1986
Winnie Mandela, wife of jailed ANC Leader Nelson Mandela, raises her fist during the funeral for 17 blacks who were buried, after being killed during fierce rioting on Wednesday, March 5, 1986 in South Africa Johannesburg's Alexandra black township(AP Photo) "South Africa out"
July 17, 1988
Archbishop Desmond Tutu of the Cape Town smiles as he gestures from the platform during the Nelson Mandela Freedom Rally in London's Hyde Park, July 17, 1988? on the eve of the jailed African National Congress leader's 70 birthday. A crowd estimated at 250,000 attended the rally.
Feb. 2, 1990
South African State President F.W. de Klerk, announces the unconditional release of jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela, the unbanning of the ANC, PAC and South African Communist party and the lifting of the state of emergency during parliament in Cape Town, South Africa, Friday, Feb. 2, 1990.
Feb. 11, 1990
In this Sunday Feb. 11, 1990 file photo, Nelson Mandela and his then wife Winnie, walk hand in hand upon his release from Victor prison, Cape Town, South Africa. The African National Congress leader had served over 27 years in detention. Against all odds, the party of Nelson Mandela which has transformed a nation where just 20 years ago black South Africans could not vote, and beaches and restaurants were reserved for whites only, is celebrating its 100th anniversary in Bloemfontein Sunday Jan 8 2012.
Feb. 13, 1990
The Feb. 13, 1990 file photo shows released ANC leader Nelson Mandela and wife Winnie giving the black power salute on entering Soweto's city soccer stadium,. A crowd of an estimated 120,000 people crammed the venue to hear him speak. On Sunday, before a global TV audience, Soccer City stadium will be the grand stage for a World Cup final. For many South Africans, the site has been hallowed ground for two decades _ not because of sports, but as a historic venue in the anti-apartheid struggle. In October 1989, with apartheid still in force, Soccer City's precursor stadium hosted an electrifying rally at which more than 70,000 blacks greeted newly freed leaders of the still-outlawed African National Congress _ most of its long-imprisoned hierarchy except Nelson Mandela. Less than four months later, an even bigger, more euphoric crowd overflowed FNB Stadium to welcome home Mandela himself, the paramount ANC leader, at last freed unconditionally by the white-minority government after 27 years in prison.
FIRST ADDRESS IN FREEDOM: ANC leader Nelson Mandela waves to thousands of his supporters in Cape Town, South Africa, during his first address after spending 27 years in jail.
Feb. 11, 1990
Some of the 20,000 jubilant ANC supporters who gathered on Sunday, Feb. 11, 1990 in Soweto, South Africa at Jabulani Stadium to celebrate the release of ANC leader Nelson Mandela. (AP Photo/Raymond Preston)
Feb. 13, 1990
A jovial Nelson Mandela takes his seat in Soweto's Jabulani Stadium, Feb. 13, 1990, before addressing a crowd of 120,000 who packed the venue to hear him speak. Mandela, leader of the African National Congress, was released from from prison two days before.
April 15, 1990
Deputy President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela, right, meets with the Rev. Jesse Jackson when the two met during a reception for Mandela on Sunday, April 15, 1990 in a London hotel. Mandela was in London to attend a concert in his honor at Wembley Stadium where he will make an address to a world wide television audience. The last visit to Britain by Mandela was in 1962.
July 4, 1990
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher shakes hands with ANC deputy leader Nelson Mandela inside 10 Downing Street, London, on July 4, 1990, prior to talks and a luncheon. Mandela is on a three-day visit to Britain as part of an extensive international tour.
May 2, 1990
South African State President Frederik Willem de Klerk, left, and Deputy President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela, right, prior to talks between the ANC and the South African government, Cape Town, May 2, 1990. The talks were to last 3 days.
May 20, 1990
South African anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela meets with Palestinian Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat, right, on Sunday, May 20, 1990 in Cairo. Both are in Cairo to meet with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
June 21, 1990
New York City police surround the "Mandelamobile" during the parade up Broadway in New York, Wednesday June 21, 1990 for Nelson Mandela. The specially designed flatbed truck with a bulletproof glass bubble cost $58,000. Three-thousand police were assigned to prptect the 71-year-old civil rights leader.
June 23, 1990
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis casts a smiling glance at Nelson Mandela, deputy president of the African National Congress, during Mandela's visit to the John F. Kennedy Library on June 23, 1990 in Boston. The Kennedy family has been a longtime opponent of South Africa's policy of apartheid.
June 21, 1990
Nelson Mandela, center, is flanked by New York Governor Mario Cuomo, left, and New York City Mayor David Dinkins, right, as he holds up the key to the city presented to him during welcoming ceremonies at City Hall in New York on June 21, 1990 as Mandela began a three-day visit to the city.
In this June 25, 1990 file photo, President George H W Bush greets African National Congress Deputy President Nelson Mandela at the White House in Washington.
June 21, 2011
In this photo provided by the Nelson Mandel Foundation on Tuesday, June 21, 2011, US First Lady Michelle Obama centre, accompanied by her daughters, Malia, left and Sasha, meet former South African President Nelson Mandela, at this home, in Houghton, South Africa. First lady Michelle Obama and her family met with Nelson Mandela during a private visit at the former South African president's home. Mrs. Obama, daughters Malia and Sasha, and her mother, Marian Robinson, were viewing some of Mandela's personal papers at his foundation Tuesday when according to White House officials, he sent word that he wanted to meet them. It was Mrs. Obama's first meeting with the prisoner-turned-president.
April 27, 1994
ANC leader Nelson Mandela casts his vote at Ohlange High School hall in Inanda, 10 miles (15 kilometers) north of Durban, Wednesday, April 27, 1994 for South Africa's first all-race elections.
May 2, 1994
Nelson Mandela smiles during his victory speech in Johannesburg on Monday May 2, 1994. Mandela will become South Africa's first black president following his majority win in the historic all-race elections.
February 7th, 1997
South African President Nelson Mandela gestures during his state of the nation address at the opening of Parliament in Cape Town Friday February 7th, 1997.
February 16, 1997
South African President Nelson Mandela, left, and U.S. Vice President Al Gore hold hands after meeting in Cape Town Sunday February 16, 1997. Gore is on a four-day visit to South Africa.
Feb. 20, 1997
Graca Machel, left, girlfriend of South African President Nelson Mandela, right, share a lighter moment during a "culture of learning" campaign function in Soweto Thursday Feb. 20, 1997. Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, Mandela's former wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, attended the same function. It was the first time all three have been seen together.
March 17 1997
South African President Nelson Mandela, left, shakes hands with Princess Diana in Cape Town, Monday, March 17 1997. Princess Diana met with Mandela to discuss the threat of AIDS in South Africa.
March 27, 1998
U.S. President Bill Clinton and South African President Nelson Mandela laugh together on a tour of Robben Island, South Africa Friday, March 27, 1998. Mandela spent the afternoon showing Clinton the penal colony where he was held for 18 years by the former South African government.
June 16, 1998
South African President Nelson Mandela prepares to autograph a rugby ball at the request of a youngster at Cardiff Castle Tuesday June 16, 1998. The Welsh, proud of organizing small local boycotts when Britain and the rest of the EU refused to impose punitive trade embargos on apartheid South Africa, gave Mandela the freedom, or key, of their capital.
June 18, 1998
Pope John Paul II and South African President Nelson Mandela shake hands during a private audience the pontiff granted to Mandela at the Vatican Thursday, June 18, 1998. Mandela is in Italy for a two-day official visit.
Feb. 1, 2002
Nelson Mandela, left, and Britain's Prince Charles share a word during a royal wedding event at an Amsterdam stadium Friday, Feb. 1, 2002. The festivity was held ahead of the wedding of Dutch Crown Prince Willem-Alexander and his Argentine fiancee Maxima Zorreguieta which will take place on Saturday Feb. 2, 2002.
April 13, 2002
Former South African President Nelson Mandela smiles as he arrives at the Oxford University, Said Business School in Oxford, England Saturday, April 13, 2002. Oxford University named their newest 300 seat lecture theatre in the Said Business School after Nelson Mandela, who gave a lecture at the school Saturday.
Nov. 29, 2003
Former South African President Nelson Mandela, left, at the Nelson Mandela AIDS Benefit Concert in Cape Town, South Africa, Saturday Nov. 29, 2003. The number 46664 is the prisoner number Mandela was issued during his years of imprisonment. At back is Bono, right, and The Edge, second from right, from the rock band U2.
March 11, 2004
Former South African President Nelson Mandela, left, with South African-born best actress Oscar winner Charlize Theron, during a photo opportunity in Johannesburg Thursday March 11, 2004. Mandela hailed Theron for her hard work and success in Hollywood.
Nov. 26, 2004
South Africa's former President Nelson Mandela, right, meets with British Prime Minister Tony Blair, left, at 10 Downing Street, in London on Friday, Nov. 26, 2004. At right is a painting of former British Prime Minister Harold Wilson.
March, 18, 2005
South Africa's former President Nelson Mandela, centre poses for photographs with stars from the world of entertainment, from left, Brian May, Paul Rodgers, Will Smith and Roger Taylor, at a photo call in George, South Africa, Friday, March, 18, 2005. The performers are in the coastal town to perform in Mandela's 46664, AIDS benefit concert to be held on Saturday.